Nihon Katchû Seisakuben
Online Japanese Armour Manual
Agemaki An ornamental bow used to decorate armour.
Akoda nari A helmet shape with a pronounced bulge in the back. It was a common style.
Ashinagare Literally "wandering legs." This is what you don't want with the plates in your helmet bowl. They should be even and straight.
Ategane A pair of reinforcing plates under the visor.
Bishamon gote A type of kote with integral sode.
Chikara gawa A strip of leather on the haidate to strengthen the fabric and lend support the armoured section.
Dangly bits My term for the hanging sections of armour shikoro, kusazuri, sode, kohire, yodare kake which are usually designed en suite.
Datemono Helmet crest (generic term).
Dehaba The tooth-measurement between scales.
Dô maru An old-fashioned cuirass of scale construction which wrapped around the body and tied closed under the right arm.
Egawa Printed leather.
Eriwa See guruwa.
Etchû jikoro Like the hineno jikoro, it was close-fitting, but it was never sleek.
Etchû kabuto A variation on the "three-plate" helmet style.
Fukigaeshi Blowback; "wing" or "ear" like device on either side of the shikoro.
Fukurin Brass or gilt copper edging on kanagu mawari and some other plates.
Fusegumi A complex locking stitch that attaches the koberi to the egawa. Cheaper armours often just glue down multi-colored braid on the seam.
Gesan jikoro Shikoro that were divided into sections like kusazuri.
Go-mai dô A five-sectional armour, with four hinges.
Guruwa A type of gorget made of standing plates that protect the neck, and a bib.
Gusoku Suit of armour.
Gusoku shita Robe worn under armour.
Gyôyô Small plates on watagami to protect the frogs connecting it to the munaita.
Hachi Helmet bowl.
Hachiman-za A virtual synonym of tehen; this is the ornamental fitting around the hole.
Hachitsuke-no-ita The top lame of a shikoro, the one that attaches to the koshimaki.
Haidate Thigh guards.
Hanbô Literally "half cheek"; a menpô made without a nose.
Happuri A head protector that guards the forehead and cheeks.
Haraate See maekake dô.
Haramaki Any cuirass that opens up the back.
Haribachi A helmet bowl with flat plates and no ribs or protruding rivets.
Hassô byô Ornamental rivets that hold kanagu mawari to the armour.
Hassô gane Large ornamental seat-plate for the hassô byô.
Hibiki-no-ana Name of the four holes on some multiplate helmets below the shiten-no-byô.
Hijigane Elbow plate.
Hineno jikoro An extremely popular modern style shikoro; it was close-fitting and sleek.
Hineno kabuto A popular "three-plate" helmet style. It is very similar to the etchû kabuto.
Hirazane A term which came about to differentiate conventional scales from moriage zane.
Hishinui-no-ita Bottom-most plate of a series of dangly bits. So named because it is often ornamented by a double row of crosslaces.
Hitaigane A metal plate that protects the forehead; usually attached to a headcloth.
Hanbô Literally "half cheek"; a menpô made without a nose.
Hô ate See hanbô.
Hyôtan gane Literally "gourd plate"; a rounded, gourd-shaped plate on kote of the Kaga and Oda schools.
Ichi-no-ita First plate, the first in a series of lames. Following it are the ni-, san-, yon-, go-, roku-, shichi-no-ita, etc.
Ichimanjû jikoro A shikoro where the first lame has a bit of a dish to it, and the rest spread down.
Ieji Foundation fabric.
Ikada Small plates on kote and suneate.
Ita mono Armour sections or lames of solid plate rather than scale construction.
Ito odoshi Ribbon/twill used as lacing.
Iyo zane Broad scales.
Kabuki dô See nagagawa dô.
Kanagu mawari A number of metal plates attached to various parts of the armour. So-called as they were originally the only "solid" metal plates in the armour.
Kanmuri-no-ita Literally "crown plate"; the top plate(s) on several various parts of armour.
Kasa jikoro Wide, umbrella-like shikoro style.
Kasajirushi-no-kan Ornamental and functionless ring on the back of the helmet bowl.
Kattari The upper bracket to hold a sashimono.
Kawa odoshi Leather used as lacing.
Kawara Literally "tile"; a type of scale used in haidate.
Kawari kabuto Grotesques; elaborately built-up helmets.
Kebiki odoshi Full lacing.
Kedate Suspensory lacing between lames.
Kegutsu Fur boots worn by generals.
Keikô A protohistoric, scaled cuirass worn c. 6th-8th centuries. It was inspired by continental models and was the forerunner of the ô-yoroi and dô maru.
Kikkô Literally "tortoise-shell", for the hexagonal pattern; Japanese brigandine.
Kiritsuke zane Pseudo-scale; a term to identify lames cut (and often built up with lacquer or other material) to imitate scale construction.
Koberi Edge leather often bordering egawa.
Koboshi Literally "small star"; small, protruding domed rivets on some helmet bowls.
Kogusoku Literally "small armour"; refers to the "other" pieces of a suit of armour, namely the kote, sode, suneate, haidate, menpô, and nodowa.
Kohaze Frog; loop and toggle.
Kohire Winglets like small pauldrons, they protect the top of the shoulder. Worn instead of sode.
Komanjû jikoro A shikoro where all the lames together pronounce a gentle down-and-outward curve.
Koshimaki Skirtplate; wraps around the hachi. The shikoro attaches to it.
Kote Armoured sleeve.
Kozakura byô Literally "small cherry-blossom rivet"; small rivets that ring kanagu mawari when they have egawa applied to them. The purpose of the kozakura byô is to tack down the leather.
Kusari Literally "chain"; mail.
Kyûbi-no-ita A slender piece of plate armour. It was worn at the front of ô-yoroi to protect the left armpit.
Kôgake Armoured tabi.
Lame A board of laced-together scales or solid plate used in armour.
Lamellar While this term often refers to scale armours, in this monograph the term shall be taken to refer to armours constructed of lames (as opposed to scale).
Mabizashi Visor. One of several terms.
Maebashi Visor. One of several terms.
Maedate Helmet crest when worn in front.
Maekake dô A dô consisting of only the front. Synonymous with haraate.
Manchira An upper-torso protector occasionally worn under armour. The name is taken from the Portuguese "mantilla."
Maru dô A tôsei dô version of the dô maru.
Mempô Mask; face armour that protects the chin, cheeks, nose, and throat. The nose is often removeable.
Menashi zane Scales designed for the top row in a series of lames; they have no upper series of holes, and are punched only for suspensory lacing and shitagarami.
Mimi ito The outermost line of lacing; typically it is a contrasting or patterned color.
Mitsume zane Scales designed to overlap twice.
Mon Heraldic badge.
Moriage zane Scales built up with applications of lacquer to appear thicker and more ostentatious.
Multiplate A term which refers to the traditional Japanese helmet constructed of any number of roughly pie-wedge-shaped pieces.
Munaita Breastboard; top plate on the breastplate. Part of the kanagu mawari.
Nagagawa (dô) The part of the dô that fully encloses the torso; that is, the bottom half as opposed to the tateage. It is a synonym of kabuki dô.
Namazu gane Old-style hand guard; so named as it is shaped like the head of a catfish (namazu).
Nanban Literally "Southern barbarian"; the Period Japanese adjective to refer to anything European, such as a nanban dô, a nanban kabuto, or nanban kusari (European-style mail).
Nawame odoshi The row of diagonal lacing in kebiki odoshi.
Ni-mai dô A two-sectional ("clamshell") armour, with one hinge.
Nodowa Gorget that sits flat on the throat.
Ô Prefix for "large."
Odoshige Lacing material
Okegawa dô Common two-sectional clamshell armour of rivetted lame construction.
Oharaidate Helmet crest holder.
Oshitsuke-no-ita Top plate attached to a backplate. Part of the kanagu mawari.
Ô-yoroi Literally "great armour." The old-fashioned, boxy armour.
Ryô-awase dô An armour of two (or six) sections and no hinges, which is tied closed on both sides.
Sashimono Banner often worn on the back of armour for identification.
Se-ita Optional back plate worn with a haramaki. Also called a coward's plate.
Sendan-no-ita A piece of armour resembling a miniature sode. It was worn at the front of ô-yoroi to protect the right armpit.
Shiki A strip of metal run behind scale boards to give them strength; laced in place with the shita garami.
Shikoro Nape guard.
Shino Splint; long, narrow plates used in kote and sode.
Shinobi-no-o Helmet cord.
Shita jikoro Literally "under shikoro"; a (usually brigandined or mail-faced) fabric lining that hangs down inside a kabuto.
Shita garami Lacing to secure scales horizontally into boards.
Shiten-no-byô Functionless rivet on the hachi, numbering four in total; paired with a hibiki-no-ana.
Shobugawa A popular pattern of koberi. It's so popular that koberi is sometimes called shobugawa.
Sode Shoulder armour.
Sugake odoshi Sparce-point lacing, in pairs.
Suji Rib, as in the turned-up edges of a helmet plate.
Sômen Full mask; like a menpô but also protects the forehead.
Tabi Split-toed socks.
Tachi dô Literally "standing cuirass"; another name for tôsei dô which refers to their rigidity and ability to stand up unsupported rather than collapse as did older style cuirasses.
Takahimo Pair of cords used to tie a dô shut.
Tankô A protohistoric, solid-bodied cuirass worn c. 4th-6th centuries.
Tatami Literally "folding." Any of a variety of armours or accessories made of small plates sewn to a backing and/or connected by mail, designed to be folded for easy portability.
Tate garami Older lacing style in which the suspensory braid passing through the next lame ran vertically rather than executing a diagonal. It was replaced by nawame garami.
Tateage The term for various parts of armour that jut up from others, including the knee guards of suneate and the upper plates on a cuirass.
Tatehagi dô A cuirass of lames that run vertically.
Tehen-no-kanamono Ornamental fitting around the tehen.
Tehen Hole in the top of multiplate helmets.
Tekkô Hand guard.
Tenpyô gawa A popular type of egawa in the 16th century. Named for the Tenpyô Era.
Tominaga gote A type of kote with an extended upper section; the left and right kote might actually meet and close together.
Tôsei Adjective meaning "modern" (i.e., sixteenth century). Used to delineate various items as in "tôsei gusoku" or "tôsei sode."
Tsubo Literally "jar." It refers to a style of suneate or kote in which a few plates solidly enclose the limb and protect it.
Ukebari Lining, be it helmet or cuirass.
Uketsubo The receiving cup for the base of the sashimono pole.
Wakibiki Armpit guard worn under armour.
Wakidate Helmet crest when worn at the side(s).
Wakiita Part of the kanagu mawari which protects the armpit.
Waraji Straw sandals.
Watagami Shoulder strap, part of the kanagu mawari.
Yodare kake Literally "dribble hang"; the bib of lames that protects the neck and throat.
Yokohagi dô A cuirass constructed of lames that run horizontally.
Yoroi Armour; old term. Generally used to refer to older armours.
Yoroi Hitatare Battle robe worn under armour by the wealthy and influential.
Yoshitsune gote A type of kote so named because the great Minamoto no Yoshitsune wore kote like them. (As did everyone else before 1300.)
Yotsume zane Scales designed for the top row in a series of lames; they are flat, with all the holes punched.
Yurugi ito Lacing that suspends the kusazuri from the dô.
Za kanamono Grommets.
Zunari Literally "head-shaped"; a type of helmet style including the so-called three-plate hineno kabuto.
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